Kasaeian A B, Sokhansefat T, Abbaspour, M J and Sokhansefat M (2012) Numerical study of heat transfer enhancement by using Al2O3/synthetic oil nanofluid in a parabolic trough collector tube. World acad. eng. technol. 69: 1154-1159.
 Sokhansefat T, Kasaeian A B and Kowsary F (2014) Heat transfer enhancement in parabolic trough collector tube using Al2O3/synthetic oil nanofluid. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 33: 636-644.
 Basbous N, Taqi M and Belouaggadia N (2015) Numerical study of a parabolic trough collector using a nanofluid. Asian j. curr. eng. Math. 4(3): 40-44.
 Bellos E and Tzivanidis C (2017) Optimization of a solar-driven trigeneration system with nanofluid-based parabolic trough collectors. Energies 10(7): 848.
 Vanaki S M, Ganesan P and Mohammed H A (2016) Numerical study of convective heat transfer of nanofluids: a review. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev 54: 1212-1239.
 Basbous N, Taqi M and Janan M A (2016, November) Thermal performances analysis of a parabolic trough solar collector using different nanofluids. International renewable and sustainable energy conference (IRSEC) (pp. 322-326). IEEE.
 Ghasemi S E, Ranjbar A A (2017) Effect of using nanofluids on efficiency of parabolic trough collectors in solar thermal electric power plants. Int. J. Hydrog. Energy 42(34): 21626-21634.
 Kandwal S and Lal K G (2015) An Experimental Investigation into Nanofluids (Cuo-H2o &Cuo-Ethylene Glycol) Based Parabolic Solar Collector.
 Chaudhari K S, Walke P V Wankhede U S and Shelke R S (2015) An experimental investigation of a nanofluid (Al2O3+ H2O) based parabolic trough solar collectors. Curr. Appl. Sci. Technol. 9(6): 551-557.
 Menbari A, Alemrajabi A A and Rezaei A (2016) Heat transfer analysis and the effect of CuO/Water nanofluid on direct absorption concentrating solar collector. Appl. Therm. Eng. 104: 176-183.
 Abed N, Afgan I, Cioncolini A, Iacovides H, Nasser A and Mekhail T (2020) Thermal performance evaluation of various nanofluids with non-uniform heating for parabolic trough collectors. Case Stud. Therm. Eng. 22: 100769.
 Hachicha A A, Said Z, Rahman S M A and Al-Sarairah E (2020) On the thermal and thermodynamic analysis of parabolic trough collector technology using industrial-grade MWCNT based nanofluid. Renew. Energy 161: 1303-1317.
 Al-Rashed A A, Alnaqi A A and Alsarraf J )2021( Numerical investigation and neural network modeling of the performance of a dual-fluid parabolic trough solar collector containing non-Newtonian water-CMC/Al2O3 nanofluid. Sustain. Energy Technol. Assess. 48: 101555.
 Hong K, Yang Y, Rashidi S, Guan Y. and Xiong Q (2021) Numerical simulations of a Cu–water nanofluid-based parabolic-trough solar collector. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 143 :4183-4195.
 Farooq M, Farhan M, Ahmad G, Usman M, Sultan M, Hanif M S, Imran M, Anwar S, El-Sherbeeny A M and Shakir M A (2022) Thermal performance enhancement of nanofluids based parabolic trough solar collector (NPTSC) for sustainable environment. Alex. Eng. J. 61(11): 8943-8953.
 Mustafa J, Alqaed S and Sharifpur M (2022)Numerical study on performance of double-fluid parabolic trough solar collector occupied with hybrid non-Newtonian nanofluids: Investigation of effects of helical absorber tube using deep learning. Eng Anal Bound Elem 140: 562-580.
 Olia H, Torabi M, Bahiraei M, Ahmadi M H, Goodarzi M and Safaei M R (2019) Application of nanofluids in thermal performance enhancement of parabolic trough solar collector: state-of-the-art. Appl. Sci. 9(3): 463.
 Kaloudi E, Papanicolaou E and Belessiotis V (2016) Numerical simulations of a parabolic trough solar collector with nanofluid using a two-phase model. Renew. Energy, 97: 218-229.
 Wen D, Ding Y (2004) Experimental investigation into convective heat transfer of nanofluids at the entrance region under laminar flow conditions. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 47: 5181–5188.
 Takabi B, Shokouhmand, H (2015) Effects of Al2O3–Cu/water hybrid nanofluid on heat transfer and flow characteristics in turbulent regime. . J. Mod. Phys. C 26(04): 1550047.
 Huang Z, Yu GL, Li ZY, Tao WQ (2015) Numerical study on heat transfer enhancement in a receiver tube of parabolic trough solar collector with dimples protrusions and helical fins. Energy Procedia 69:1306–16.
 Safaei, Mohammad Reza, A. Jahanbin, Ali Kianifar, Samira Gharehkhani, Akeel Shebeeb Kherbeet, Marjan Goodarzi, and Mahidzal Dahari. "Mathematical modeling for nanofluids simulation: a review of the latest works." Modeling and simulation in engineering sciences (2016): 189-220.
 Naphon P, Nakharintr L(2015) Turbulent two phase approach model for the nanofluids heat transfer analysis flowing through the minichannel heat sinks. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 82: 388–95.
 Xuan Y, Roetzel W (2000) Conceptions for heat transfer correlation of nanofluids. Int. J. HeatMass Transf. 43(19): 3701–3707.
 Yu W, Choi SU ((2003) The role of interfacial layers in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids: a renovated Maxwell model, J Nanopart Res 5 167-171.
 Tijani, A.S. and Roslan, A M (2014) Simulation analysis of thermal losses of parabolic trough solar collector in Malaysia using computational fluid dynamics. Proc. Technol. 15: 841-848
 Ekiciler R, Arslan K, Turgut O and Kurşun B (2020) Effect of hybrid nanofluid on heat transfer performance of parabolic trough solar collector receiver. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim 143: 1-18.
 Duangthongsuk W, Wongwises S (2010) An experimental study on the heat transfer performance and pressure drop of TiO2-water nanofluids flowing under a turbulent flow regime. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 53(1-3): 334-344.